How mortgages work in Canada

How do mortgages actually, work? Not everyone has the extra money to pay upfront the full purchase price. They take out loans in the form of mortgages where they borrow money from banks and other financial institutions, slowly paying them off the amount loaned with interest. 

There are many considerations to think about before homebuyers apply for mortgages. There are various mortgages with different rules governing them with key differences in every country. The following is how mortgages work in Canada 

1)Prepare your down payment. 

The down payment must be upfront as a percentage of the total purchase price of the property. Usually, 20% of the purchase price is required. Even with about 5% or 10%, it can be done in which case it is imperative to have mortgage loan insurance. 

2)Get pre-approved before applying for an actual mortgage. 

This shows a preparedness to take on responsibilities to own a home and the ability to set a realistic budget. Banks or lending institutions usually require; IDs issued by the government, proof of address, employer’s contact information and one’s employment history, proof of income, list of debts and assets. The credit history is also important. 

3)Determine whether you want an open or closed mortgage. 

Open mortgages need extra payments to completely pay off the money but have high-interest rates. Closes mortgages have lower interest rates but limits addino extra money to pay off the mortgage by charging penalty fees on prepayments above the limit set by the lender. 

4)The time it will take to completely pay off the mortgage. 

The amortization period, which is mostly 10-25 years is the time taken to pay the principal amount plus the interest accrued for mortgages. Monthly payments are dependent on the amortization period chosen. 

Small payments take long periods and have high-interest rates. 

5)Renewal of mortgage once the contract expires. 

The mortgage term is the length of time your mortgage contract will be in effect. The terms and conditions with the lender of the mortgage agreement only remain valid before the end of the mortgage term, after which you renew or renegotiate new terms. 

Short term mortgages are better if you want to secure a lower interest rate or if you intend to move to a different home. There may be interest rate fluctuations when the mortgage term ends. 

Long term mortgages lock current interest rates so that you are not affected by fluctuations but changing any part of the agreement makes you liable to pay prepayment penalties. 

Some mortgages have convertible terms. An initial short term mortgage can be made a long term and the interest rates adjusted according to the lender’s rates for long term mortgages. 

6)Choose between fixed interest rate mortgage or variable interest state mortgage. 

Fixed interest mortgages have higher interest rates but they stay the same throughout the whole mortgage term while variable mortgages have their interest depending on the rise and fall of the market rates. 

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